Education Management


Over the years Government of Sindh’s has made significant investment in education sector for better service delivery. In current financial year government of Sindh has allocated more than Rs. 100 billion to the sector. In addition to government expenditure private households expenditure will be more than Rs. 25 billion on education (PSLM, GoP various editions). With over 4 million students in the publiv education system the estimated per student per annum expenditure is over Rs. 20,000. If deployed properly, these resources can turn around the sector, however, there is a general consensus that system is underperforming.
In spite of substantial increase in annual budget the education sector has not yet fully accomplished its strategic goals and international commitments due to number of key factors including lack of good governance and management which seems to be one of the biggest obstacles towards ensuring delivery of quality education to all children and improving student learning outcomes (World Bank, 2009)
The Education Management Portfolio is established in view of all these issues and to improve the management and governance structure of the Education Management and in turn improve the quality and standard of education.

Current Status of Education Management

  • No Headmasters in primary schools
  • Headmasters of secondary act as proxy of Education Management Cadre
  • HSTs promoted to HM positions (75%) and hired from SPSC (25%)
  • Lengthy process of recruitment last recruitment in 2008 final recommendation received in 2012
  • Disconnect in eligibility criteria and responsibilities of managers
  • Management span
    • DEO average 2500 school and 10,000 staff
    • Supervisor 40 - 80 schools for direct monitoring

Rationale for Initiating Management Reforms

  • Enhance managerial capacity of existing educational managers linked to career growth
  • Introduction of School based management
  • The un-experienced managers unable to control / manage - endorsed by NEP-2009
  • Professionalized management cadre required
  • Rationalization of management span of control

In order to introduce new education management system the following actions are proposed: 

Proposed Recruitment Policy

  • Revised recruitment rules with the consultations of stakeholders
  • Qualification and experience to matched with job description
  • Prescribed rules to be followed

Promotion Linked to Training and Development Policy

  • Induction Training
  • Mid-Career Management Course
  • Senior Management Course
  • National Management Course

Deployment and Placement Policy

  • Recruitment against job description
  • Placement at relevant positions
  • Horizontal and vertical movement for placement

Management Control and Workload

  • Sufficient staff and managers for work load management from school to secretariat

Revised Job Specialization

  • Revised Job Descriptions as per new improved management structure

Salient Features of the Proposed Education Management Cadre / System

Some key features of education management cadre are as follows”

  • Professionalization of management of education sector
  • Empowerment of schools including primary, middle and elementary schools
  • Institutionalizing the concept of ‘right person for the right job’
Increasing promotion chances of existing workforce